Air traffic, carriers and airport operations are steered by several international and national acts and regulations. The strict regulation has notable effects on our investments needs and the development of our operating environment.
In Finland, the supervisory authority for aviation safety is Finnish Transport Safety Agency Trafi. Trafi is also responsible for regulations and instructions on security control. These are based, for instance, on international and EU regulations on aviation. Every year, Finavia invests millions of euros in maintaining and ensuring safety.
Airport personnel working in specific roles are required to participate in continuous training in order to maintain their professional competencies. These roles include traffic controllers, fire and rescue personnel, security officers, maintenance and apron personnel.
Timetables for carriers and airports are planned globally by coordinating takeoff and landing slots. Slot-coordinated airports are governed by an EU regulation and by harmonised international rules. Helsinki Airport is the only slot-coordinated airport in Finland.
Finavia manages the Finnish national airport network. The company also controls Finnish airspace and provides traffic control services, which is rare in international comparison. Read more about Finavia’s areas of responsibility and businesses. There are also a few smaller, municipal airports in Finland.
In other countries, airports are typically owned by the state, municipalities or investors. The owners can manage one or several airports. Different countries also have different means of organising their airspace control and air navigation services. Generally, air navigation is managed by a separate company or by authorities.
Carriers are responsible for transporting passengers, luggage and freight. Their tasks include check-in, luggage handling and services at the gates and arrivals desks. Carriers also prepare on-board meals, refuel their aircraft and manage ice removal. Typically, these tasks are performed by ground handling companies at airports.
Passengers encounter several service providers at the airport, such as shops, restaurants, money exchange services and car rental shops.
Authorities supervise the safety of airports. In Finland, airport safety is supervised by the police, the Finnish Boarder Guard and Customs.